BULLYING AND HARRASSMENT POLICY
Our school is committed to providing a safe and caring environment and culture which enables positive relationships to be formed amongst all students and staff and which encourages self-esteem, cooperation, personal growth and a positive attitude to learning and teaching. A clear policy on bullying (including cyber bullying) and harassment will inform the community that bullying and harassment in any of its forms will not be tolerated.
Beaumaris Secondary College is committed to providing a safe and respectful learning environment where bullying will not be tolerated.
The purpose of this policy is to:
When responding to bullying behaviour, Beaumaris Secondary College aims to:
Beaumaris Secondary College acknowledges that school staff owe a duty of care to students to take reasonable steps to reduce the risk of reasonably foreseeable harm, which can include harm that may be caused by bullying behaviour.
This policy applies to all school activities, including camps and excursions.
This policy should be read in conjunction with our school’s Student Engagement and Wellbeing Policy, Duty of Care Policy and School philosophy and Values.
What are bullying, cyber bullying and harassment?
Bullying is repeated oppression, physical or psychological, of a less powerful person by a more powerful person or group.
Cyber-bullying consists of covert, psychological bullying, conveyed through the electronic mediums such as mobile phones, web-logs and web-sites, on-line chat rooms, ‘MUD’ rooms (multi-user domains where individuals take on different characters) and Xangas (on-line personal profiles where some adolescents create lists of people they do not like). It is verbal (over the telephone or mobile phone), or written (flaming, threats, racial, sexual or homophobic harassment) using the various mediums available including all forms of social media.
Harassment is any verbal, physical or sexual conduct (including gestures) which is uninvited, unwelcome or offensive to a person.
Our school will actively promote a positive and welcoming personal environment for all members of the school community. When people are bullied or harassed some effects might be anger, embarrassment, fear and humiliation, loss of self-confidence and reduced function and potential. Bullying and harassment will be addressed, individual differences will be respected and students and staff will be enabled and supported in their pursuit of learning and teaching.
A school-wide approach will be taken to deal with bullying (including cyber bullying) and harassment in a consistent and systematic way.
All new students and staff will be informed of the anti-harassment policy and practices at the commencement of their time at the school.
All complaints of harassment will be heard in confidence and taken seriously.
Our school will organise preventative curriculum programs that promote resilience, life and social skills, assertiveness, conflict resolution and problem solving.
Staff programs will occur periodically to keep staff informed of current issues/strategies for dealing with these issues.
There will be disciplinary consequences, covering a range of strategies, for those in breach of the Anti-Bullying (including cyber bullying) and Anti- Harassment Policy, guidelines and procedures (see Appendix A).
Constructive strategies to deal with harassment will include: education in coping strategies; assertiveness training; problem solving and social skills; counselling and behaviour modification. These strategies will be employed in preference to punitive sanctions and negative consequences.
The Anti-Bullying and Anti-Harassment Policy of the school will be widely promoted to students, staff, parents/carers and the local community.
A summary of the policy will be included in the Student Enrolment Package while new staff will receive extensive documentation as part of the school’s induction process.
The school leadership team and the teachers will work together to ensure the safety of all school members in situations of bullying (including cyber bullying) and harassment, by thoroughly investigating all complaints while respecting the need for confidentiality, notifying parents/carers and planning interventions.
If a teacher feels a student is at serious and imminent risk from bullying (including cyber bullying) and harassment then it is their professional duty to pass on the information to an appropriate person in order to ensure appropriate support for the student. It is important that teachers document fully their interaction with the student and to verify the actions taken.
Student programs will be organized to raise student awareness about bullying (including cyber bullying) and harassment, to provide a forum for discussion of matters and to aid development of attitudes. Some matters will be dealt with formally in the curriculum and in peer support programs, leadership programs, extra-curricular programs and occasional activities run by outside experts and workers. The curriculum will include anti-bullying messages and strategies in line with current DET materials e.g. ‘The Friendly Schools’ and ‘No Blame Approach to Bullying’ programs.
Professional development will be provided for staff relating to bullying (including cyber bullying) and harassment and proven strategies to address these issues in classrooms will be shared with all staff.
The school will provide specialist resources such as books, videos, kits and off site in-service activities to assist staff in responding appropriately to bullying (including cyber bullying) and harassment issues.
Disciplinary consequences for bullying (including cyber bullying) and harassment will comply with the school’s Welfare and Discipline Policy. The principal or their nominee will provide disciplinary consequences including suspension in accordance with Department of Education and Early Childhood Development (DET) guidelines.
LINKS AND APPENDICES (including processes related to this policy)
Links which are connected with this policy are:
Appendices which are connected with this policy are:
This policy will be reviewed annually or more often if necessary due to changes in regulations or circumstances.
Anti-Bullying (including cyber-bullying) and
What are Bullying, Cyber Bullying and Harassment?
Definition of Bullying
Bullying is when someone, or a group of people, who have more power at the time, deliberately upset or hurt another person, their property, reputation or social acceptance on more than one occasion.
Types of Bullying
There are three broad categories of bullying:
What Bullying is Not
Many distressing behaviours are not examples of bullying even though they are unpleasant and often require teacher intervention and management. There are three socially unpleasant situations that are often confused with bullying:
In mutual conflict situations, there is an argument or disagreement between students but not an imbalance of power. Both parties are upset and usually both want a resolution to the problem. However, unresolved mutual conflict sometimes develops into a bullying situation with one person becoming targeted repeatedly for ‘retaliation’ in a one-sided way.
Social Rejection or Dislike
Unless the social rejection is directed towards someone specific and involves deliberate and repeated attempts to cause distress, exclude or create dislike by others, it is not bullying.
Single-episode acts of nastiness or meanness, or random acts of aggression or intimidation
Single episodes of nastiness or physical aggression are not the same as bullying. If a student is verbally abused or pushed on one occasion they are not being bullied.
Nastiness or physical aggression that is directed towards many different students is not the same as bullying.
Cyberbullying is direct or indirect bullying behaviours using digital technology. For example via a mobile phone, tablets, computers, chat rooms, email, social media, etc. It can be verbal, written or include use of images, video and/or audio.
Is any verbal, physical or sexual conduct (including gestures) which is uninvited, unwelcome or offensive to a person.
What is not considered bullying
Single-episode acts of harassment, nastiness or physical aggression are not the same as bullying. If someone is verbally abused or pushed on one occasion, they are not being bullied. Harassment, nastiness or physical aggression that is directed towards many different people is not the same as bullying. However, single episodes of harassment, nastiness or physical aggression are not acceptable behaviours at our school.
Many distressing behaviours may not constitute bullying even though they are unpleasant. Students who are involved in or who witness any distressing behaviours of concern are encouraged to report their concerns to school staff.
Why do we have a Policy on these?
To provide a safe and friendly college environment for students and staff and to encourage care, courtesy and respect for others. All persons have a legal right to protection from harassment under the Commonwealth Sex Discrimination Act and the Victorian Equal Opportunity Act.
What are the effects of Bullying and Harassment?
Am I bullying or harassing someone?
If you are not sure about your behaviour you can:
What are some of the feelings victims of bullying or harassment may experience?
If anything it will make things worse – you will give the impression that you agree with the situation.
Most causes of harassment are sorted out quite simply. By speaking up, action can be taken to address the problem.
Victims of harassment or bullying sometimes feel that it is their fault. Victims are made to feel guilty by the offender and often blame themselves. It is your right to have a safe environment free from harassment or bullying.
Often our hunches are correct. Rather than put up with nagging doubts, talk to someone about your feelings.
Bullying or harassment can often make people feel:
What should you do if you see another person being bullied or harassed?
Tell the person that you witnessed the incident and advise them to report it to an appropriate person. However, if your friend is harassing another person, let them know that their behaviour is unacceptable.
Bystanders who do nothing to stop bullying may be contributing to the problem by providing an audience for the bully.
Bullying can involve
Cyber-bullying can involve
Harassment is usually directed at a person because of their gender, race, creed or abilities – it can be subtle or explicit
Subtle (the most common) they include:
Explicit (obvious) they include:
What do you do if you are being bullied or harassed?
The school may implement all, or some of the following responses to student/s who have been bullied:
The school is responsible for maintaining up to date records of the investigation of and responses to bullying behaviour.
Beaumaris Secondary College understands the importance of monitoring the progress of students who have been involved in or affected by bullying behaviour. Our ability to effectively reduce and eliminate bullying behaviour is greatly affected by students reporting concerning behaviour as soon as possible, so that the responses implemented by Beaumaris Secondary College are timely and appropriate in the circumstances.
Bullying complaints will be taken seriously and responded to sensitively at our school.
Students who may be experiencing bullying behaviour, or students who have witnessed bullying behaviour, are encouraged to report their concerns to school staff as soon as possible.
In most circumstances, we encourage students to speak to their GOAL Mentor. However, students are welcome to discuss their concerns with any trusted member of staff including the Wellbeing Coordinator, Assistant Principals and Principal.
Parents or carers who may develop concerns that their child is involved in, or has witnessed bullying behaviour at Beaumaris Secondary College should contact the school on 8569-9200 and ask to speak to an Assistant Principal.
When notified of alleged bullying behaviour, school staff are required to:
The Assistant Principal is responsible for investigating allegations of bullying in a timely and sensitive manner. To appropriately investigate an allegation of bullying, the Assistant Principal may:
All communications with the Assistant Principal in the course of investigating an allegation of bullying will be managed sensitively. Investigations will be completed as quickly as possible to allow for the behaviours to be addressed in a timely manner.
The objective of completing a thorough investigation into the circumstances of alleged bullying behaviour is to determine the nature of the conduct and the students involved. A thorough understanding of the alleged bullying will inform staff about how to most effectively implement an appropriate response to that behaviour.
Serious bullying, including serious cyberbullying, is a criminal offence and may be referred to Victoria Police. For more information, see: Brodie’s Law
Responses to bullying behaviours
When school has sufficient information to understand the circumstances of the alleged bullying and the students involved, a number of strategies may be implemented to address the behaviour and support affected students in consultation with Wellbeing Coordinator, Assistant Principals and/or Principal.
There are a number of factors that will be considered when determining the most appropriate response to the behaviour. When making a decision about how to respond to bullying behaviour, Beaumaris Secondary College will consider:
If the bullying or harassment incident is minor or first time occurrence, teachers may elect to use one or more anti-bullying practices:
If the student does not take control over his/her behaviour, an Incident Report Form should be completed and submitted to the student welfare coordinator or principal/assistant principal.
If the bullying or harassment continues, or in instances of severe bullying or harassing, a referral should be made to the Wellbeing Coordinator.
Here, the Wellbeing Coordinator (or another who has responsibility for student welfare) may:
For ‘at risk’ students (many risk factors, few protective factors) whose bullying or harassing behaviour is severe and for other non-at risk students whose bullying or harassing and other aggressive behaviour is resistant to change, an individual ‘strength building’ plan should be developed by the student welfare coordinator in consultation with student, parents/carers and teachers. Individual strength-building plans and associated interventions help connect the student to positive people, programs and actions in the community, school and home as well as develop the student’s inner social and emotional strengths (skills, values).
Students whose severe bullying or harassing behaviour resists school efforts and represents a significant threat to the safety and wellbeing should be referred to outside agencies for evaluation. Wellbeing Coordinator will need to be familiar with those community agencies and organisations that can offer more intensive services to the student and student’s family.
Note: The school may choose, if bullying or harassment persists or the initial incident is of such magnitude, that parents/carers will be contacted and consequences implemented consistent with the school’s Student Code of Conduct. Furthermore, the principal may commence formal disciplinary action in line with ‘Effective Schools are Engaging Schools – Student Engagement Policy Guidelines’ (DET) at any stage in the process depending on contextual information relating to the severity of the bullying (including-cyber bullying) and harassment.